Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis

Reading Time: 3 minutes
Table of Contents

Gingivitis—a word most of us know from common television commercials that bodes ill for any mouth. While it may sound alarming, gingivitis is actually a treatable and minor form of gum disease. On its own, there is little to fear with proper dental care. If left untreated, however, gingivitis can lead to more serious dental complications such as periodontitis.

Skip those fear-driven commercials and learn the straightforward facts about both gingivitis and periodontitis. Keep reading to explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for each of these dental concerns.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums caused by bacteria in the mouth that leads to plaque. Gum disease can range in severity from almost unnoticeable inflammation or minor irritation to severe disease that may ultimately cause tooth loss.

Fortunately, gum disease is preventable with the support of good dental hygiene and treating any signs of disease as soon as possible.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a form of mild gum disease that most people notice when brushing. Gum inflammation with gingivitis may include noticeable bleeding of the gums after brushing or flossing. In some cases, you may see swelling in the gums when looking in a mirror or occasional bleeding without an apparent cause.

Untreated gingivitis can lead to pockets in the gums that may further breed infection and cause inflammatory responses in the body. This untreated infection can lead to periodontitis.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease where the inflammation has moved to the periodontium, the area of gum tissue and bone that helps keep your teeth in place. Symptoms include the signs of gingivitis plus things like bad breath, loose teeth, receding gums, and sensitivity while eating. Severe cases of periodontitis may eventually lead to tooth loss.

Treatment for Gingivitis

Fortunately, gingivitis is typically easy to treat. Improved brushing habits combined with regular professional dental cleanings are often enough to reverse gingivitis and restore gum health. In some cases, your dentist may recommend a medicated mouthwash such as chlorhexidine.

Treatment for Periodontitis

Treatment for periodontitis includes all of the basic treatments for gingivitis, including both home hygiene and professional dental cleanings. In addition to a medicated mouthwash, periodontal patients may also be prescribed antibiotics to help treat infections and inflammation. Periodontal treatment may also include more frequent cleanings and a deep cleaning by a dental specialist.

Wrapping Up

Gum disease does not have to be a diagnosis that triggers fear. Dental professionals have many modern-day treatments to help halt and reverse the course of both gingivitis and periodontitis. Proper dental care will not only promote your overall health but alleviate the discomfort caused by gum disease.

Talk to your dentist about treating and preventing gum disease today.

The post Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis first appeared on Dental Signal.

Regular brushing and flossing aren’t always enough to avoid tooth decay, tooth loss, gum disease, and other oral health problems. In addition to home oral hygiene practices, you need biannual exams and cleanings to remove plaque buildup and cavities. If you have gum disease or periodontal issues, your dentist may...
READ MORE
If you have noticed blood in the sink while brushing your teeth, you are not alone. Almost all adults experience some degree of bleeding from the gums at some point. A new toothbrush, vitamin deficiencies, or gum inflammation can cause bleeding gums. However, bleeding gums may be a sign of...
READ MORE
Oral hygiene is one of the most important practices to follow to ensure you remain strong and healthy. Oral cleanliness includes brushing your teeth twice daily, avoiding too much sugar, drinking plenty of water, flossing, and regular dental checkups. Flossing once a day minimizes the risk of cavities and protects...
READ MORE
Recently, researchers have sharpened their focus on investigating the link between gum disease and cardiovascular health. While not everyone with gum diseases will develop heart problems, the two health conditions share a number of shared risk factors, including an unhealthy diet and smoking. Moreover, there is growing suspicion that gum...
READ MORE
Loading More Posts

Hastings Dental Centre is a smile sanctuary, committed to enhancing natural beauty through advanced procedures. We prioritize high standards, preventive care, and a positive patient experience, ensuring confident, healthy smiles. Trust to the best Vancouver dentists.

Follow us

Copyright 2024 All Rights Reserved

Book an Appointment